In europe, the crusades led to economic expansion increased trade and use of money, which undermined serfdom and led to prosperity of northern italian cities they led to increased power of the monarchs, and, briefly, to increased power of the papacy. The middle ages was a time of great expansion of trade and commerce between countries this was really kicked off by the crusades : they established relations with eastern countries, developing a taste for their unique products in the west. In one respect, the answer to that question is easy: these extended military raids stemmed from changes which took place outside europe before the age of the crusades, principally the growth and expansion of islam. The crusades reflect other aspects of life in europe at that time, in particular, its burgeoning population during the high middle ages around the turn of the millennium (ca 1000 ce), destructive invasions like those of the vikings had abated and, amid the calm that followed, europe had repopulated.
Medieval europe, or christendom, whose features included a powerful papacy and church, with its monks, nuns and monasteries, feudalism with its lords and vassals, barons, knights, castles, chivalry, manors and serfs, and small towns with their rich merchants and powerful guilds. The great schism of late middle ages was the most important event of history that brought about a change in the social conditions of europe along with the decreasing power of the church the fall of western roman empire (476 ad. Indeed, one will find this understanding of late medieval economic trends throughout histories that include continental europe for example, franois crouzet's a history of the european economy, 1000-2000 (university of virginia press, 2001) has already asserted, the european economy of the late middle ages and the early modern period. Territorial expansion, innovations in agriculture, and the development of cities and trade brought rapid economic change to medieval europe changes in the availability and consumption of material goods and in population distribution radically altered european social relations and political organization.
Medieval demography is the study of human demography in europe and the mediterranean during the middle ages it estimates and seeks to explain the number of people who were alive during the medieval period, population trends, life expectancy, family structure, and related issues. These ages are known as the classical age (also referred to as ancient europe), the middle ages (also referred to as the medieval period) and the modern age according to the majority of historians, the fall of the roman empire in the 5th century bc marked the end of the classical age and the beginning of the middle ages. Even in the early middle ages, all kinds of high-status goods were transported from very distant shores to various european lands: silk from china spices from asia, brought to europe via the middle east amber and furs from the baltic. The end of the middle ages can be characterized as a transformation from the medieval world to the early modern one it is often considered to begin in 1300, though some scholars look at the mid- to late-fifteenth century as the beginning of the end. While europe was just emerging from the dark ages, the east was experiencing an intellectual golden age europeans were exposed to new concepts in mathematics, engineering and warfare, and they brought these ideas home when they returned.
Europe experienced radical economic and social changes between the 11th and 14th centuries the medieval world was based on feudalism, a highly regulated and hierarchical form of society in which everyone had their place and responsibilities. The age of expansion brought many changes to medieval europe during this period, the countries of europe began to look beyond their borders in europe, there was nowhere to grow. The renaissance is a term that was coined in the 19th century to describe a period in which art and literature flourished in europe, but there were so many significant changes during this time period that the term renaissance began to mean all the developments during this time period. Of course, in the high middle ages as well as in the early medieval period, hatred of the other in one's midst--be it heretic, or more often jew--was a rampant disease this points to the inexcusable darker side of medieval life: intolerance was the rule, the policy.
The spread of islam and its relationship to medieval europe growth of islam when islam first emerged in arabia during the mid-seventh century, there was little indication that within 150 years the movement would come to dominate the entire middle east, as well as northern africa and spain. Territorial expansion, innovations in agriculture, and the development of cities and trade brought rapid economic change changes in the availability and consumption of material goods and in population distribution altered european social relations and political organization. Charlemagne was one of medieval europe's most famous kings he became king of the franks at age 26, in 768 ce, when his father died he inherited his kingdom from his father, pepin the short, who had inherited from his grandfather, charles martel, also known as charles the hammer.
All tree ring series in northern europe show a decline in growth rates, indicating an adverse climatic change this marked the transition from a medieval warm period to the little ice age when temperatures were on average 15 degrees celsius lower than before and with greater seasonal variation. The new technology also brought a expansion to the war aspect and gave them a better chance of defeating others with a more advanced war weapons trade the middle ages saw the rapid expansion of medieval trade and commerce. Ivan the terrible's expansion brought him into contact with both western europe and the ottoman empire aiming to gain a port and outlet to the baltic, ivan fought a long war against sweden, poland-lithuania, and livonia.
The medieval warm period allowed the farms of northern europe to out produce their mediterranean counterparts this, in turn, resulted in a shift of power and importance away from the. The legacy of the roman empire and the middle ages in the west the roman empire reigned from 27 bce to 476 ce throughout the mediterranean world, including parts of europe, the middle east, and north africa. During the high middle ages, which began after 1000, the population of europe increased greatly as technological and agricultural innovations allowed trade to flourish and the medieval warm period climate change allowed crop yields to increase. Christianity in medieval europe - a major shift in religion was seen in the beginning of the middle ages the early fourth century saw a huge shift in religious views to christianity which also changed government thinking and many other ideas (vallee.